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What is this spot on my skin?

Dark spots, freckles,hyperpigmentation(melasma or chloasma)

Technician in charge: Aline Yamamoto “What is this spot on my skin?” is a question in hundreds of people’s minds. it is necessary, first of all, to note that: never fail to see a certified dermatologist, it does not matter if it is just an esthetic matter or a health problem. After all, the health… Continue reading What is this spot on my skin?

Technician in charge: Aline Yamamoto

“What is this spot on my skin?” is a question in hundreds of people’s minds. it is necessary, first of all, to note that: never fail to see a certified dermatologist, it does not matter if it is just an esthetic matter or a health problem. After all, the health and protection of your skin must always be a priority.

Dyschromia is an alteration in the color of the skin, resulting from the decrease (hypomelanosis) or increase (hypermelanosis) in melanin – substance responsible for the color of the skin, eyes, and hair, which prevents damage from ultraviolet radiation to DNA – and the deposit of endogenous and exogenous substances in the dermis (hyperchromia).

Know the main examples of dyschromia:


  • Albinism: total or partial congenital absence of pigment in the skin, hair and eyes;
  • Vitiligo: asymptomatic achromic amelanotic spots, with well-defined edges, with variable form and extension;
  • Solar Leucoderma: achromic spots, slightly atrophic, located in areas of the skin exposed to sunlight.

These spots are treated with intense pulsed light. In this case, it is very important that the individual suffering from one of the pathologies mentioned above is aware of their condition and sees a dermatologist or a dermatofunctional physiotherapist for an evaluation to define the correct treatment.


  • Lentigo: small dark brown or black pigmented spots which appear in the first years of life and continue to appear until adulthood. They may appear in any region of the skin, including in areas not exposed to sunlight;
  • Periocular Melanosis (eye circles): hyperchromia of periocular region, more frequent in dark-skinned women;
  • Solar Melanosis: small light or dark brown-colored spot located in photoexposed areas of individuals older than 40 years of age;
  • Melasma: light or dark brown hyperpigmentation, uniform, with well-defined and irregular edge, particularly on the central portion of the face of young, light brown-skinned women.

These spots are treated with intense pulsed light. Once again, we reinforce the importance of the awareness of the patient about their condition and that they see a dermatologist or a dermatofunctional physiotherapist for an evaluation to define the correct treatment.

Intense Pulsed Light: a powerful technology in the treatment of spots

Intense pulsed light, as the name itself makes clear, is a technology with basis on light which aims to act on hypermelanosis (that is, on the pigmentation that promotes a healthy color to the skin), accentuating skin brightness and texture, and closing the pores – which consequently decreases skin oiliness.

Commonly sought in esthetic clinics, both by patients (clients) and by professional operating in the area, who wish to improve their knowledge and bring new efficiency to their treatment sessions, intense pulsed light has been growing as an esthetics and esthetic medicine niche.


Advantages of intense pulsed light

One of the advantages of intense pulsed light is that there is down time (days of rest; that is, the patients can return to their daily activities immediately after the session). It is possible to notice the physiological effects after 48 hours, because the skin starts to peel and be renewed with more strength.

This therapeutic modality is highly recommended for the elimination of spots, because besides that it also intensifies the local blood flow and stimulates in 50% the production of collagen and elastic fibers, making the skin firmer and consequently less flaccid.

Lyra, our intense pulsed light equipment

The principles and benefits of this therapeutic modality are shown above. But let us learn more details about Lyra, our IPL microcontrolled equipment.

The equipment consists of 3 selective cut-off filters with wavelengths of 480nm, 530nm and 640nm, which guarantees usability and practicality; allowing the professional therapist to choose the spectrum of light radiation according to the specific therapeutic objective. It is a great resource for benign Pigmentary lesions (mentioned above), removal of unwanted hairs, facial rejuvenation, and other indications.

In addition to that, it also presents a tip with a 7.5cm² spot, with a safety system known as cryoprotection (water and Peltier), a lamp with a useful life of 1 million shots and modern design with touchscreen control, informative tutorial and protocols.

Applicabilities with Lyra

Lyra can be applied in the  intimate area; patients are not only women; it can also be applied in men and there is no age limitations, both young and people in their third and fourth age can stat the treatment with IPL without any problem.

Cut-off filter for skin spots

Lyra presents 3 cut-off filters, each of them directed to one (or more) type of treatment. To treat skin spots, the therapist must use the filter which ranges from 480nm to 1200nm.

Microdermabrasion: Another technology designed for the treatment of skin spots

Microdermabrasion is a technology frequently used in esthetic treatments, which includes esthetic sessions with crystal peeling and diamond peeling. This is an abrasive method; that is, it produces exfoliation and scratching from friction in the more superficial skin layers.  The result is renewed skin.

Difference between microdermabrasion and dermabrasion

Although the names are very similar, the meaning of these two terms is quite different. Dermabrasion is a surgical treatment carried out by a dermatologist, and it takes longer than microdermabrasion. The professional uses a specific instrument to remove the external layer of the skin.

Understanding crystal peeling

Crystal peeling consists of a painless exfoliation, very safe to the skin and which does not make use of chemical products.  It is not a prolonged treatment 9each session lasts up to 30 minutes, depending on the area to be treated), it non-invasive and is also an efficient alternative to chemical methods. it is worth noting that the crystal peeling can be carried out in any phototype.

This area of esthetics has been recently developed, it has existed for approximately 15 years, and has already presented a number of satisfactory results, guaranteeing safety and comfort to the patient.

Its action occurs by means of microcrystals which are deposited in the skin, exfoliating its more superficial layer. Consequently, the dead cells and impurities are eliminated, being substituted by a new healthy skin layer.

Effects of crystal peeling therapy

The deeper an exfoliation occurs, the longer is the recovery time, because the skin suffers harder aggression and becomes more sensitive.

In some cases, it is advisable that the patient rests for a day, to prevent new external aggression to the skin, such as solar exposure, for example.


Diamond peeling

Diamond peeling is a segment of microdermabrasion and, as the crystal peeling, it also carries out a deep exfoliation of the epidermis, removing melanosis.

One of its advantages is that it can also be applied to any phototype skin, including tanned skin.  In this case, there is a renewal of superficial skin, and the tanned skin is also removed. The diamond peeling can be carried out in any region of the body.

Understand how Dermotonus Esthetic, with its microdermabrasion, can also help in the treatment of spots

Dermotonus Esthetic is one of our electromedical resources, and is considered a complete equipment for facial and body treatments. A key device for many esthetic clinics. It allows applications with mechanical massage techniques (vacuum therapy and endermotherapy) and two modalities of microdermabrasion (diamond peeling and crystal peeling); microdermabrasion is the fundamental resource, in this equipment, to attenuate skin spots.

The equipment offers suction pressure from 0 to -550mmHg (negative pressure) and continuous or pulsed mode of operation, with pulse repetition from 10 to 50 pulses per minute.

Benefits provided by Dermotonus Esthetic

As with Lyra, o Dermotonus Esthetic is also indicated for men. Besides, this equipment does not effect melanin; therefore, it can be applied in black skin, and there are no limitations of age for the patient: individuals in their third and fourth age  can also receive microdermabrasion treatment.

Now that you have expanded your knowledge about esthetic treatments and the best electromedical equipment available to treat skin spots, how about including Lyra and/or Dermotonus to your clinic? Contact an   authorized retailer near you.

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